January 25, 2017

Хичээл 2

Хичээл 2 – Idioms2

take off (1) remove (clothing, for example), (2) ascend (a plane, for example); (3) become popular quickly Take off your boots before you go into the house.

Most air accidents take place when a plane is taking off or landing.

take over assume control or responsibility  
take part in participate in “Who made the final decision?” “All of the people who were at the meeting took part in the decision-making process.”
take a shortcut take a more direct or faster route than usual “How did you get home so quickly?” “I took a shortcut through the fields.”
take the plunge finally take aclion; do something different “So, Louisa, you decided to try out for a part in the play?” “Yes, I’ve been interested in acting for quite a wliile, so 1 finally decided to take the plunge.”
take time off (from) take a vacation or a break from work or school Akiko is going to take some time off from teaching to finish writing her dissertation.
take up begin to study some topic or engage in some activity “I need more excitement in my life.” “Why don’t you give up stamp collecting and take up skydiving instead?”
talk down to speak to someone as if he or she were a child; patronize  
talk into persuade; convince At first, I didn’t want to go to the party, but I’m glad Annette talked me into it. It was fun.
talk out of dissuade; convince not to do something Marvin was going to drop out of school, but his grandfather talked him out of it.
talk over discuss I’m not sure if this is a suitable topic for a research paper. I need to talk it over with my teacher before I start writing.
tear oneself away from something stop doing something interesting “Will your friend Scott be coming to the reception?” “If he can tear himself away from those computer games lie’s always playing.”
tear up rip into small pieces The spy tore up the document so that no one else could read it.
tell apart distinguish The twins look so much alike that almost no one can tell them apart.
things are looking up the situation is improving  
think over consider “Are you going on the class trip?” “I need to think it over before I decide.”
throw away discard; get rid of “I’m going to throw away those old newspapers.” “Don’t just put tliem in the trash—recycle them instead.”
throw cold water on discourage; force to cancel (a plan, for example)  
throw the book at someone give someone the maximum punishment Dan was afraid the judge would throw the book at him because he had been charged with the same offense several times.
try on test clothing before buying (for size, style, and so on) You’d better try on these gloves before you buy them; they may not fit.
try out test a product before buying I wish I’d tried out this calculator before I bought it. It doesn’t seem to be working right.
try out (for) audition for (a role in a play, for example); attempt to join (a team, for example) “So, Louisa, you decided to try out for a part in the play?” “Yes, I’ve been interested in acting for quite a wliile, so 1 finally decided to take the plunge.”

Exercise: Fill in the blanks in the sentences or dialogs with idioms from the above list. There will be one word per blank. It may be necessary to change the verb forms in order for the sentence to be grammatically correct.

  1. You’d better ___ ___ these gloves before you buy them; they may not fit.

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. At first, I didn’t want to go to the party, but I’m glad Annette ___ me ___ it. It was fun.

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. The spy ___ ___ the document so that no one else could read it.

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. The twins look so much alike that almost no one can ___ them ___ .

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. “I need more excitement in my life.” “Why don’t you give up stamp collecting and ___ ___ skydiving instead?”

take off take over take up talk into

talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

6. “”Who made the final decision?” “All of the people who were at the meeting ___ ___ ___ the decision-making process.”

take part in take a shortcut take the plunge
take time off (from) talk down to talk out of
tear oneself away from something things are looking up
throw cold water on throw the book at someone try out (for)

  1. Most air accidents take place when a plane is ___ ___ or landing.

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. “Will your friend Scott lie coining to the reception?” “If he can ___ himself ___ ___ those computer games lie’s always playing.”

take part in take a shortcut take the plunge
take time off (from) talk down to talk out of
tear oneself away from something things are looking up
throw cold water on throw the book at someone try out (for)

  1. Dan was afraid the judge would ___ ___ ___ ___ him because he had been charged with the same offense several times.

take part in take a shortcut take the plunge
take time off (from) talk down to talk out of
tear oneself away from something things are looking up
throw cold water on throw the book at someone try out (for)

  1. ___ ___ your boots before you go into the house.

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. I wish I’d ___ ___ this calculator before I bought it. It doesn’t seem to be working right.

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. Marvin was going to drop out of school, but his grandfather ___ him ___ ___ it.

take part in take a shortcut take the plunge
take time off (from) talk down to talk out of
tear oneself away from something things are looking up
throw cold water on throw the book at someone try out (for)

  1. I’m not sure if this is a suitable topic for a research paper. I need to ___ it ___ with my teacher before I start writing.

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. “I’m going to ___ ___ those old newspapers.” “Don’t just put tliem in the trash—recycle them instead.”

take off take over take up talk into

talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out
15. “Are you going on the class trip?” “I need to ___ it ___ before I decide.”

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

  1. “How did you get home so quickly?” “I ___ ___ ___ through the fields.”

take part in take a shortcut take the plunge
take time off (from) talk down to talk out of
tear oneself away from something things are looking up
throw cold water on throw the book at someone try out (for)

  1. “So, Louisa, you decided to ___ ___ for a part in the play?” “Yes, I’ve been interested in acting for quite a wliile, so 1 finally decided to ___ ___ ___ .”

take off take over take up talk into
talk over tear up tell apart think over throw away try on try out

take part in take a shortcut take the plunge
take time off (from) talk down to talk out of
tear oneself away from something things are looking up
throw cold water on throw the book at someone try out (for)

  1. Akiko is going to ___ some ___ ___ ___ teaching to finish writing her disserta-
    tion.

take part in take a shortcut take the plunge
take time off (from) talk down to talk out of
tear oneself away from something things are looking up
throw cold water on throw the book at someone try out (for)
ANSWER

  1. You’d better try on these gloves before you buy them; they may not fit. QUESTION 2
  2. The spy tore up the document so that no one else could read it. QUESTION 4

    5. “I need more excitement in my life.” “Why don’t you give up stamp collecting and take up skydiving instead?” QUESTION 6

  3. “How did you get home so quickly?” “I took a shortcut through the fields.” QUESTION 17

    6. “Who made the final decision?” “All of the people who were at the meeting took part in the decision-making process.” QUESTION 7

  4. “I’m going to throw away those old newspapers.” “Don’t just put tliem in the trash—recycle them instead.” QUESTION 15

    8. “Will your friend Scott be coming to the reception?” “If he can tear himself away from those computer games lie’s always playing.” QUESTION 9

  5. Take off your boots before you go into the house. QUESTION 11

    13. I’m not sure if this is a suitable topic for a research paper. I need to talk it over with my teacher before I start writing. QUESTION 14

    15. “Are you going on the class trip?” “I need to think it over before I decide.” QUESTION 16

  6. Most air accidents take place when a plane is taking off or landing. QUESTION 8
  7. I wish I’d tried out this calculator before I bought it. It doesn’t seem to be working right. QUESTION 12
  8. “So, Louisa, you decided to try out for a part in the play?” “Yes, I’ve been interested in acting for quite a wliile, so 1 finally decided to take the plunge.” QUESTION 18
  9. The twins look so much alike that almost no one can tell them apart. QUESTION 5

    18. Akiko is going to take some time off from teaching to finish writing her dissertation. QUESTION 1

  10. At first, I didn’t want to go to the party, but I’m glad Annette talked me into it. It was fun. QUESTION 3
  11. Dan was afraid the judge would throw the book at him because he had been charged with the same offense several times. QUESTION 10
  12. Marvin was going to drop out of school, but his grandfather talked him out of it. QUESTION